The Nez Perce
Reservation and its location.
Large Territory 01 | Large Territory 02
"The jurisdiction of the Nez
Perce Tribe shall extend to all lands within the original confines of the Nez
Perce reservation boundaries as established by treaty; and extra-territorial
jurisdiction for the purposes of protecting the rights of the Nez Perce Tribe as
guaranteed by treaties with the United States of American; and also to such
other lands as may be hereafter acquired by or for the Nez Perce Indians of
Idaho." (taken from 1999
Revised Constitution and by laws of the Nez Perce Tribe)
Before the White man came to settle the northwest the Nimi'ipuu
lived in peaceful groups traveling seasonally with the deep canyons cut by the
Snake, Clearwater and Salmon rivers.
The Nimi'ipuu traveled across Oregon, Washington,
and Idaho. The tradition homeland of the Nimi'ipuu
is North Central Idaho, including areas in Southeastern Washington, Northeastern
Oregon with usual and accustomed areas in Western Montana and
Wyoming. The Nimi'ipuu aboriginal territory was
approximately 17 million acres or approximately 70 thousand square kilometers or
27 thousand square miles; including the Clearwater River Basin, and the South
and Middle forks of the Salmon River Basin.
Today the Nimi'ipuu live all over the world, but the
Nez Perce Reservation is located in North Central Idaho.
Communites and towns within the Nez Perce Reservation: Myrtle, Lenore,
Ahsahka, Orofino, Spalding, Lapwai, Gifford, Sweetwater, Culdesac, Greer,
Reubens, Winchester, Craigmont, Nezperce, Kamiah, Waha, Ferdinand, Greencreek,
Kooskia, Stites, Peck, Cottonwood Creek, Jacques Spur, Slickpoo Mission, Mohler,
Clear Creek, Westlake.
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